The Upright Ape: A New Origin of the Species

by Aaron G. Filler, MD, PhD

Figure 1-2 Owen's Archetype

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High resolution version of Fig 1-2

Working from his “ideal vertebra” Owen showed how repetition of the vertebra and modification of its four processes could be used to construct the various types of Vertebrate animals as well as the human skeleton in particular.

Figure credit -

From: Owen, R. (1848). On the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton. page 81 London, J. Van Voorst.

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