The Upright Ape: A New Origin of the Species

by Aaron G. Filler, MD, PhD

Figure 5-2 Portaits of the Leading Figures in our Modern Theories of Life

Linnaeus, Goethe, Geoffroy, Owen, Darwin, Mendel, Bateson, Hennig, Mayr

Figure 5-2 – Major Figures in Biology & Evolution with Key Contributions:

Carolus Linnaeus (1707 – 1778) - Classification and naming.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832) Modular theory of similarity among organisms.

Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772 – 1844) –Unity of plan in vertebrates and invertebrates.

Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892) – Homology.

Charles Darwin (1809-1882) –Natural selection, common descent.

Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) – Pattern of genetic inheritance.

William Bateson (1861-1926) – Mutations, homeotics.

Willi Hennig (1913-1976) – Cladistics classification.

Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) – 20th century evolutionary theory.

Figure credits -

Linnaeus - From Bolton 1889, p. 49

Goethe - From painting by Josef Steiler 1828.

Geoffroy - Drawing by Ambroise Tardieu, Smithsonian Institution LIbrary.

Owen - Photograph by Maull & Polyblank. © The Royal Society, London - reproduced with their permission.

Darwin - Photograph by Maull & Polyblank, from Pearson, K. (1914). The life, letters and labours of Francis Galton. Cambridge, England; Cambridge University Press.

Mendel - National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Bateson - University of Cambridge

Hennig - Photo by Gerd Hennig, GNU Free Documentation License

Mayr - Photograph from the archives of the Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University - reproduced with their permission.

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