The Upright Ape: A New Origin of the Species

by Aaron G. Filler, MD, PhD

Figure 8-6 Vertebral Processes in Mammals and the Neomorphic Laminapophysis

Laminapophyis and nomenclature of vertebra processes

Figure 8-5 Structure of the Mammalian Laminapophysis

 A – Muscle attachments on the laminapophysis.

B – Naming of vertebral structures in mammals.

C – Separate diarthrum (dorsal rib articulation) and laminapophysis in a monotreme and a hedgehog.

Figure credit -

A/B/C - From: Filler, A. G. (1986). Axial Character Seriation in Mammals: An Historical and Morphological Exploration of the Origin, Development, Use and Current Collapse of the Homology Paradigm - PhD Thesis. Cambridge, Massachusetts -  (Digital 2nd Printing: BrownWalker Press, Boca Raton, Florida 2007, 349 p), Harvard University.

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