- Out of the ancient amphibian group, the common ancestor of the reptiles and mammals emerged. The synapsids split off to eventually lead to the mammals, the anapsids lead to the turtles, and diapsids split off to lead to the remaining reptiles. The diapsid reptile group later splits to lead to snakes...
- An important clue can be seen in the concept of the body plan. This has been based on a subjective impression of the difference in design that can be seen between major different groups of animals. When you compare a sponge, an octopus...
- If a new phylum can appear as rapidly as a new species, it is helpful to have some biological definitions. Even without the full details of the Hox genes from a large number of animal types, and without the details of the Hox arrays present in the ancient lineage ancestors of 500 million years ago, it is possible to look at changes in the Bilateria that affect their axial High Order Modules (HOMs, or segments along the longitudinal axis) and deploy them to demarcate categories of classification at least at the level of the phylum...
- Page 142, 3rd paragraph, line 13
- the text says: ...has two unpaired electrons...
- the text should say: ...has lost two paired electrons...
- Page 264 - Figure Credits
- Redrawn and modified by Michelle Rivera, RN after drawing by Jack Kunz, from Eimerl and DeVore 1968; p.115.
- Filler 2007a - the reference states: PLOS ONE (forthcoming)
- the reference should only be: (forthcoming)
- Jenkins 1970: Massetognathus
- Adaptionists - change to: Adaptationists
- Anthropod - change to: Arthropod
- Diagonograde (first occurrence out of sequence before Dainton) - delete
Diagonograde (second occurrence in correct sequence is OK)
- Diagograde Posture - change to: Diagonograde posture
- Deacon, T.W. then Deacon, Terrence - just one entry for Deacon, Terrence W.
- Gorbben - change to: Grobben
- Mayr, Enrst - change to: Mayr, Ernst
- Hylobation - change to: Hylobatian
- Mendelev - change to: Mendeleev
- Phylo genetic - change to: Phylogenetic
- Ptotostomes - change to: Protostomes